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External Websites. Official Tourism Site of Las Vegas, Nevada, United States. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.
Author of Moveable Feasts: The History, Science, and Lore of Food and others. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness.
You can help by adding missing items with reliable sources. See also: Las Vegas in the s and Las Vegas in the s.
City of Las Vegas. Retrieved December 28, Chronicling America. Washington DC: Library of Congress. Retrieved March 12, Retrieved July 2, Directory of Religious Centers.
Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University. This widespread disregard for the law became the ideal breeding ground for organized crime, with many East Coast mobsters quickly establishing roots in the city.
By , gambling, once again, became legal in Nevada, and with the construction of the Hoover Dam on its way, thousands of workers came to Las Vegas.
New casinos and showgirl venues opened up along Fremont Street, the only paved road in the city, in hopes of attracting workers. Although World War II stunted growth in Las Vegas — nearby Nellis Air Force Base served as training grounds — the first hotel, El Rancho Vegas, opened up on Highway 91 in In the late s, the success of El Rancho Vegas inspired others to open up hotels along Highway 91, which would later evolve into the Strip.
East Coast mobster Bugsy Siegel — backed by fellow mob boss Meyer Lansky — was amongst these hotel builders, opening the Hollywood-inspired Flamingo Hotel in Although Siegel was murdered in , fellow mobsters helped to carry out his vision for Las Vegas; during the s and s, the Riviera, the New Frontier, the Sands, and the Sahara opened, mostly funded by racketeering and drug trafficking money.
But soon enough, many mobsters received investments from reputable groups such as Wall Street banks and the Mormon Church.
In , billionaire and businessman Howard Hughes was staying at the Desert Inn. He decided he did not want to leave and opted to purchase the hotel instead.
He bought over a dozen more hotels, slowly pushing out mobster-owned hotels that dominated the city. By the s, Mafia-financed casinos had disappeared.
Local legislation kept up with the national legislation and integration was finally established. The only real violence came as a result of school integration, with violent riots and fights occurring in Clark High School when black gangs and youths began attacking the whites.
Integration sparked white flight from the school district from to On a percentage basis, Las Vegas and Clark County experienced incredibly high growth rates starting in the s and lasting until the late s recession.
During that period, the population of the city more than doubled in most decades. By , Las Vegas was the largest city founded in the 20th century,  and by it was the 28th largest city in the US, with a population of , in the city and nearly 1.
The explosive growth resulted in rapid development of commercial and residential areas throughout the Las Vegas Valley.
The strong boom in the resort business led to many new condominium developments all along the Strip and downtown area. Also urban sprawl development of single-family homes continued across the valley, building the areas of Henderson, North Las Vegas , Centennial Hills, and Summerlin.
The rapid development and population growth both halted abruptly in the late s recession. During this period of time, American author and journalist Hunter S.
Thompson wrote and published his seminal novel, Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas , detailing the experience of his trip to the city.
On November 21, the MGM Grand Hotel and Casino , suffered a devastating fire. A total of 85 people died and were injured in what remains the worst disaster in Nevada history.
The property was eventually sold and reopened as Bally's Las Vegas , while MGM moved south to Tropicana Avenue.
Las Vegas began to become a more commercialized, family-oriented place with large corporations coming to own the hotels, casinos, and nightclubs in place of Mafia bosses.
The megaresort era kicked off in with the construction of The Mirage. Its 3, rooms, each with gold tinted windows, set a new standard for Vegas luxury and attracted tourists in droves, leading to additional financing and rapid growth on the Las Vegas Strip.
More landmark hotels and other structures were razed to make way for ever-larger and more opulent resorts including:. The Helldorado Days festival was resumed in for the City of Las Vegas' centennial celebration.
The home mortgage crisis and the late s recession affected Las Vegas' economic success. New home construction was stalled, and construction projects were either canceled, postponed, or continued with financial troubles.
Some of these projects included the MGM Mirage property of CityCenter , Fontainebleau , Echelon , and The Plaza. The global financial situation also had a negative effect on gaming and tourism revenue, causing many of the companies to report net loss.
Many analysts agree that the Las Vegas economy is recovering, with improving conditions in tourism and the housing market for January marks the 19th consecutive month with home sales higher than the same month in the previous year.
In June , a heat wave grounded more than 40 airline flights of small aircraft, with American Airlines reducing sales on certain flights to prevent the vehicles from being over the maximum weight permitted for safe takeoff and Las Vegas tying its record high at degrees Fahrenheit.
During the late evening of October 1, , Las Vegas became the scene of the deadliest mass shooting committed by a single gunman in the history of the United States.
A gunman opened fire on Route 91 Harvest festival-goers from the Mandalay Bay resort, killing 60 and injuring History of Las Vegas.
Main article: Las Vegas in the s. Main articles: Las Vegas in the s and Las Vegas in the s. National Park Service ".
Las Vegas: A Centennial History. University of Nevada Press. Las Vegas: the great American playground. Retrieved October 3, A Short History of Las Vegas.
Retrieved December 4, Calvert, M. Las Vegas Then and Now. San Diego, California: Thunder Bay Press. Retrieved 9 December Las Vegas Sun.
Retrieved Retrieved 3 March American Experience. Without a Trace: Inside the Robert Durst Case. Beginning in the s, money from drugs and racketeering built casinos and was laundered within them.
Visitors came to partake in what the casinos offered: low-cost luxury and the thrill of fantasies fulfilled.
Canyon petroglyphs attest to human presence in southern Nevada for more than 10, years, and members of the Paiute tribe were in the area as early as A.
Little changed in the valley following the shift from Mexican to United States rule until , when Brigham Young sent a group of Mormon settlers to the area.
The future downtown was platted and auctioned by railroad company backers, and Las Vegas was incorporated in Nevada outlawed gambling in but the practice continued in speakeasies and illicit casinos.
By the time gambling was legalized again in , organized crime already had roots in the city. In construction began on the massive Boulder Dam later renamed the Hoover Dam , drawing thousands of workers to a site just east of the city.
In the El Rancho Vegas resort opened on a section of U. Top-drawer talent was booked for its lounges and dozens of celebrities attended its Christmas Day opening.